Fundus cameras are great tools for eye doctors since they give them great information about the retina, blood vessels, and the interior portion of the eye, including the optic nerve and macula. Furthermore, the fundus camera can also show the anatomy of your eye.
Fundus cameras are especially important for eye diseases that can lead to permanent vision loss such as:
- Glaucoma (increased pressure in the eyes that causes nerve damage over time)
- Macular edema (swelling in the central part of the interior of the eye)
- Macular degeneration (deterioration of the macula)
- Diabetic retinopathy (bursting of the blood vessels in the eye)
- Papilledema (swelling of the optic nerve due to increased pressure in the brain)
- Retinal tears (when the vitreous separates from the retina and breaks the tissue)
- Retinal detachment (when the retina moves away from the tissues that supply it with oxygen and nutrients)
- Hypertensive retinopathy (occurs after a patient’s blood pressure has remained high for a long period of time)
- Optic atrophy (occurs when the optic nerve is damaged)
If there are any diseases or disorders, it allows your eye care provider to explain that disorder to you, and you are able to understand it more easily because there is a picture available. Having images is also important as it allows your eye doctor to establish a baseline of your eye and identify changes as you age.