Years of research provide evidence that environmental and hereditary risk factors play a role in this disease. These include:
Common signs of nearsightedness include:
Nearsighted children often have to stand close to the classroom whiteboard to take notes.
Routine eye examinations are essential for detecting and treating ocular disorders, as well as for checking general visual acuity and overall ocular health.There are various ways to treat myopia. These include various forms of corrective prescription contacts, corneal reshaping measures such as ortho-k, multifocals, low-dose medicated eye drop therapy, and refractive surgery. The latter option is usually inappropriate for children.
Parents need to help manage their nearsighted child's eye care and inculcate the importance of good practices, in accordance with their age and maturity. This includes: