If you have experienced a deep cut in the eye, make sure to take the proper precautions detailed below and then please consult with your eye doctor to receive the fitting diagnosis and treatment. If you are unable to get through to your eye doctor's office, please visit an emergency room or urgent care facility without delay.
While some eye injuries could be very minor, others may be traumatic. Major eye injuries like deep cuts in the eye can lead to temporary or permanent vision loss. Eye injuries could happen in any type of environment, including at home, at work or during recreational activities.
A corneal laceration is the medical name for a deep cut in the front part of the eye known as the cornea. The cornea is the clear part which covers the surface of the eye. This condition is more severe than a corneal abrasion which is a small cut in the eye. A laceration could cut partially or fully through the cornea and if it’s deep enough it could cause a cut in the eyeball itself, as opposed to just on the superficial part of the eye. Corneal lacerations require immediate medical care, otherwise you risk permanent loss of vision.
In case you get an eye injury, the following things should be done immediately:
It is important to note that there are a number of things that should not be done after you cut your eye:
If you take any medications listed above, it might cause the thinning of the blood and lead to a higher amount of bleeding than usual. Visit your eye doctor immediately or go to an emergency room to get the condition treated right away. Delays can lead to permanent damage to the eye.
The leading causes of corneal laceration are listed as follows:
The symptoms that one experiences from a deep cut in the eye depend on the severity and location of the cut, in addition to the cause of the injury. Some typical symptoms include:
An eye doctor should be consulted immediately, if you are showing any symptoms of a corneal laceration. The first thing your eye doctor would do is conduct an eye examination to know the extent of the eye injury. It is important to identify if the corneal laceration is partial or full thickness depending on the depth.
A slit lamp which is a microscope used to observe the front surface of the eye is typically used to diagnose the corneal laceration. In some cases, numbing drops are used to do a proper examination and to prevent pain during the process. Fluorescein eye stain may also be used to check out the condition. A temporary yellow-orange dye is placed on the cornea and a blue filter is used to highlight the dye which displays the extent of the damage caused to the cornea.
When you get a small scrape or cut in the eye, the injury is minor and tends to heal by itself over time. However, if the cuts are too deep, you might need surgery with stitches to make sure the eye heals properly. The surgery helps close the laceration and prevents infection. The requirement of stitches mainly depends on the depth of the cut and its location. After surgery, you may be given an eye patch to help your eye heal and your doctor will prescribe any necessary medications.
It is strongly recommended to buy protective eyewear to reduce the probability of eye injuries. If you are engaged in household projects or any other activity that can lead to corneal laceration, you should protect your eye in the best possible manner.
When the smallest particles come towards the eye with high force, they can cause a cut in the eye. Examples include dust, sand, small pieces of metal, dirt or the edge of a piece of paper. Using protective eyewear can prevent the majority of corneal lacerations. If you are engaged in any activities that cause risk to the eyes, it is strongly recommended to wear suitable protective gear to prevent any damage.
Deep cuts in the eye can occur for various reasons and are typically the result of a high impact force on the eye. If you have experienced a deep cut, be sure to seek immediate care from an eye doctor or go to a nearby emergency room if the eye doctor is unavailable. Only a professional healthcare worker can help treat this injury and preserve your vision from further damage.