Double vision can occur due to an extensive variety of causes and it requires diagnosis and treatment from the eye doctor.
Double vision, known medically as diplopia, occurs when one object is perceived as two separate images simultaneously. These two images can be displaced from each other horizontally, vertically or diagonally. Double vision could occur binocularly which is when both eyes are open and then when you close one eye the diplopia disappears. In general, this tends to be more serious than when double vision is experienced when only one eye is open at a time. There are countless possible causes of double vision, some being more serious than others. Some people experience temporary double vision if they’re overtired or if they drink too much alcohol and these are not reasons to be concerned. However, double vision could be the first sign of a serious underlying condition and therefore, it’s essential to be checked by your eye doctor right away. If you experience sudden unexpected double vision you must seek emergency care as it could be caused by a variety of reasons which include conditions that cannot wait to be treated.
Double vision may occur on its own or along with certain other symptoms that indicate the presence of another issue. Depending on the underlying cause of double vision, you may also experience one or more other symptoms, such as:
If you notice these symptoms or experience changes in your vision and find it difficult for you to perform your daily activities, please schedule an eye exam with your eye doctor.
In order to treat diplopia, it is crucial to identify the root cause. If double vision is caused by weak eye muscles, then surgery can help treat diplopia. If a certain disease is the cause for double vision, it is important to properly treat the underlying condition. For example, there are medications that can help treat diabetes or myasthenia gravis which are illnesses that could lead to double vision. Cataract could also lead to double vision and this can be treated with cataract surgery.
Double vision sometimes goes away on its own and in 70% of the cases it is treatable with medication or surgery which help deal with the root cause. Sometimes double vision is a permanent condition and there are ways to help cope with this kind of vision. There are eye patches or prisms which can make the effects of diplopia more manageable. There is also vision therapy which uses exercises to train the brain to properly work with the eyes in the most optimal manner and this can help greatly to train your visual system how to properly overcome or deal with diplopia.
There are a vast number of causes for diplopia, some of which include:
There are many more causes than the ones mentioned above. If you think you are experiencing double vision, please see an eye doctor immediately to ensure that the proper diagnosis and treatment can be provided.
For many causes of diplopia, there is no prevention, while for others there are certain precautions that could be taken. For example, when engaging in activities that carry a risk of damaging the eyes, make sure to wear the proper protective gear and goggles. In addition, be sure to wear your seat belt to avoid injury from car accidents. If you have diabetes, maintaining proper control of sugar levels can help prevent double vision due to diabetes.
Double vision is when you see two images when only looking at one object. It can occur for a variety of reasons, some being mild while other causes are serious underlying conditions and therefore it’s crucial to be checked immediately if you suddenly notice double vision. The proper diagnosis from an eye doctor can help prevent complications and can lead you to the right treatment.