There is evidence that genetic and environmental factors may contribute to the development and progression of myopia in children; an eye disease more commonly known as “nearsightedness”. Left untreated, it can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration. The following article will explore these factors to assess which children may be predisposed for this condition.
Although there is no cure, there are various interventions to slow progression and correct vision. Children should have periodic ocular exams to assess vision and ocular health and to detect and treat complications. The earlier detection occurs the sooner it can be treated to slow progression.
The following factors are associated with the development and progression of myopia:
Myopia manifests as blurred distance vision. Many parents first become aware of a possible condition when their child complains that it's hard to see things from afar, such as watching a movie, taking down notes off the classroom whiteboard, or playing sports. If you have a family history of this condition or are just generally concerned, schedule an optometric exam to check your child’s visual acuity and ocular health, and to explore treatment options.