Purpose: This study assessed the long-term results of orthophoria obtained with bilateral medial rectus recession for congenital esotropia.
Patients and methods: The medical records of 214 patients who underwent bilateral medial rectus muscle recession between January 1995 and January 2000 were reviewed. Patients were excluded if neurological abnormalities or developmental delays were documented and if structural eye abnormalities were present. Mean follow up was 54.2 months (range, 36 to 96 months). Rates of reoperation for residual esotropia, consecutive exotropia, oblique muscle overaction, or dissociated vertical deviation were determined.
Results: Forty-five (21%) patients underwent surgery for residual esotropia, 32 (15%) underwent surgery for consecutive exotropia or dissociated horizontal deviation, and 39 (18%) underwent surgery for oblique muscle overaction and dissociated vertical deviation.
Conclusion: To maintain long-term alignment of congenital esotropia, additional surgical procedures may be required. The success rate of bilateral medial rectus recession for ocular realignment with one operation is approximately 50%. This method is quicker, simpler, and less traumatic than three or four muscle operations. In addition, the lateral rectus and oblique muscle are left unoperated for future surgeries if necessary.