A flash burn is basically the same as getting a sunburn, but it is on your eyes rather than your skin. It occurs after prolonged exposure to the sun or other intense light source. The UV rays from sunlight or bright light can damage the cornea, the front part of your eyes.
There are various different ways you can get these flash burns,
Typically symptoms of flash burns include:
Within three to twelve hours of ultraviolet exposure, patients may begin exhibiting symptoms. If the flash burn happened at the workplace, ensure your management is informed so that any further damage can be avoided. You should also get an eye examination immediately.
An eye doctor typically prescribes antibiotic eye drops and copious amounts of artificial tears to lubricate the eyes. Since sensitivity to light is one of the symptoms, it's important to wear sunglasses and to protect your eyes. Typically, it will resolve after a few days, but it's really important to get treatment right away so there aren't any scars that can hamper your vision.
Additionally, it is very important to prevent any flash burns from happening because depending on their severity, they may affect not only the front, but even the back of your eye and really affect your vision. You should wear your ski goggles when engaging in activities such as skiing, and purpose specific protective eyewear when engaged in high risk activities such as welding.
Generally, the cornea can heal itself and leaves no scars behind. Healing takes a couple of days if the recommendations of the eye doctor are followed. In many cases, the eye doctor will want you to come back within a few days so that they can check that the cornea is healing properly.