Keratoconus is an eye condition where the cornea, the clear dome-shaped surface of the eye, becomes thinner and bulging, causing distorted vision, dryness, and discomfort. In this article, we'll discuss factors that can help prevent keratoconus progression, the main cause of the condition, and a procedure that can halt its worsening.

Corneal Crosslinking: A Procedure to Halt Keratoconus Progression

Corneal crosslinking is an innovative procedure that can stop the progression of keratoconus. The procedure involves the combination of riboflavin, which is vitamin B2, and ultraviolet light to stiffen the cornea's structure.

The riboflavin is applied to the cornea, and then the eye is exposed to UV light, which activates the riboflavin and causes it to crosslink the collagen fibers in the cornea, strengthening its structure. The procedure does not reverse the cornea's structural changes, but it can stop its progression and prevent further vision deterioration.

Scleral Contact Lenses

Scleral contact lenses are known to be effective in managing keratoconus by providing a stable, smooth surface over the irregular cornea. These lenses are designed to vault over the cornea and rest on the sclera, creating a tear-filled chamber between the lens and the cornea. This chamber helps to redistribute pressure evenly over the cornea, reducing the mechanical stress on the cornea caused by blinking and eye movements. This redistribution of pressure and improved corneal shape helps to slow or halt the progression of keratoconus. Additionally, scleral lenses are custom-made for each patient, ensuring a comfortable and precise fit that promotes healing and reduces discomfort.

Other Tips to Prevent Keratoconus Progression

Besides addressing underlying causes and considering corneal crosslinking, there are additional ways to help prevent keratoconus from worsening.

  • Avoiding eye trauma, such as rubbing or hitting the eyes
  • Protecting the eyes from harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses and hats
  • Avoiding the use of hard or rigid contact lenses that can further damage the cornea

It's essential to consult with an optometrist or ophthalmologist for proper diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus. They can recommend the appropriate treatment plan, including medications, corrective lenses, and surgical options such as corneal crosslinking.

A Cause of Keratoconus: Eye Rubbing

One of the factors in preventing keratoconus progression is addressing an underlying cause, which may be eye rubbing. Eye rubbing is a common habit, especially among children, and can cause structural changes in the cornea that may lead to keratoconus.

Prevention is important

If you have been diagnosed with Keratoconus there are still many things you can do to prevent the condition from worsening. Eating healthy and exercise are recommended, as is quitting smoking.

Prevent eye injuries by wearing specialty protective eye wear, eye injuries can be particularly detrimental to someone with keratoconus.

Wearing sunglasses or any form of UV protection is also recommended.

Schedule an appointment for an eye exam for keratoconus at our state-of-the-art optometry clinic in Valencia, conveniently serving patients from Santa Clarita, Palmdale, and San Fernando Valley. Call (661) 775-1860 or fill out this form to make an appointment today.
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